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Category : Roofing Tips

How to Understand Roofing Industry Lingo

Adco Roofing Understanding Roofing Industry Lingo When it comes to building a new home or hiring a professional to install a new roof, it can feel like you are in a new world. Roofing contractors appear to have their own language and it can be confusing to understand projects. Since your property is involved, you need to be aware of all that is going on. Below are some of the most commonly used terms to help you stay in the know.

How to Understand Roofing Industry Lingo

  • Deck: The surface installed over the supporting framing members to which the roofing is applied (not like a deck/patio).
  • Rakes: The vertical edges of gable-style roofing
  • Eaves: The lowest, horizontal edge of a sloped roof which extends beyond the exterior wall.
  • Flashing: Pieces of metal used to prevent water seepage into a building. These are placed around intersections or projections like pipes, vents, walls, dormers, and chimneys.
  • Step flashing: The flashing application method used where vertical surfaces meet sloping planes. Individual pieces extend on the roof place to the vertical surface. These are overlapped and stepped up as shingles are applied.
  • Drip edge: A non-corrosive metal lip to keep shingles off the roof deck at the edges. Extends shingles out over the eaves and rakes.
  • Underlayment: Layer of asphalt-saturated felt (or tar paper) that is laid on a bare deck before the shingles are installed. It provides additional protection for the deck.
  • Valley: The internal angle that is formed when the two sloping roof planes meet to provide water runoff.
  • Ice dam: The thawing and refreezing of melted snow form a dam at the lower edge of the roof. This can force water under the roofing and cause leaks.
  • Ice-and-water shield: A thin, self-adhering membrane made of rubberized asphalt that is applied before underlayment but over the drip edge. It helps to mitigate potential leaks from an ice dam.
  • Ridge: The uppermost horizontal external angle that forms where the two sloping roof planes intersect.
  • Sheathing: The exterior-grade boards used as roof deck material.

Up on the Roof

Now that you know the lingo, you can understand exactly what roofers are doing when they are on the roof.

  • Preparation: The old shingles are removed first, then decking is swept as clean as possible. Any loose sheathing is reattached and all sheathing is inspected before any new shingles are placed down.
  • Barrier placement: A drip edge is installed at the eaves. Ice-and-water membrane is applied over this and metal flashing as well as the ice-and-water membrane is applied to valleys and protrusions. Felt underlayment is applied to the entire roof, with each strip overlapping the previous layer. A drip edge applied to the rakes will be applied over the ice-and-water membrane and underlayment.
  • Shingle placement: Starter shingles are placed along the eaves. They extend past the ice-and-water membrane, fascia, drip edge, and underlayment. Shingles are applied in overlapping rows. Metal step flashing is applied with shingles at joints where the roof meets a wall or chimney.
  • Finishing: The roof is finished using special pieces for capping the ridge. One final pass is made across the roof to ensure each nail is sealed with a professional-strength sealant.

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Solar Homes Sell Faster

Solar homes sell faster

A main reason we hear for homeowners not going solar is that they are planning to move in the next few years. Studies have shown that homeowners with solar actually sell their homes for more. If you compare the results of the study to solar pricing, you will have a net gain in the value over the solar cost. Basically you would lose on not to get solar on your home before you sell it.

Your House will Sell for a Higher Price

Many reputable sources back this up. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) released a report that definitively showed that homes with solar sold for more than homes without solar. Their study is not the only one to prove that solar homes sell for more. The Appraisal Journal, the nation’s largest professional association of real estate appraisers, published a study titled  An Analysis of Solar Home Paired Sales Across Six StatesIt found that solar homes sold for an average premium of 3.74% of the sale price.

It is important to note that neither of these studies looked at solar leases or PPA’s, only owned solar systems. Leases and PPA’s can actually have a negative effect on your home sale as many will put a lien on your home until the lease term is up (typically 20 years). They also have to be transferred to the new homeowner which can be a problem.

A Solid Investment

If you compare pricing at various solar installers to the LBNL study’s results, every single one of their solar customers to date will garner a home value than what they spent on their system. The study found that solar increased the value of homes in California by $4.00 per watt. If you used the example of an average sized system in California (5kW), you would garner an increase of $20,000.

If you are not sure whether you are going to move soon or not, solar is still a sound investment. Your solar system will either increase your home value significantly should you decide to sell your house, or it will pay itself off in utility bill savings before you move. Either way, solar is a solid investment.

Your House will Sell Quicker

Another study by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) looking at  homes in California found that homes with PV systems sold 20% faster (and for 17% more) across several subdivisions built by different California builders. Their study of several hundred home sales also revealed that if a solar system was already installed and factored into the price, buyers were more likely to choose that house over others without solar.

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Why We Recommend Fascia Boards?

Installing fascia board can be a plus to your roof. If you see your fascia board rotting away then it’s probably time to replace it.

There are several advantages of having fascia board on your roof. One of the main reasons is aesthetics. It gives your home that detailed look everyone is looking for.

What is Fascia Board?

The main reason you would install fascia board on your home is to secure your gutter that runs along the bottom of your roof. We have also found that properly installed fascia board can increase your home’s value because of the attractiveness it brings to the home.

Always choose quality wood for your fascia board

Avoid going cheap. You will want to install quality wood for several reasons:

  1. You don’t want your wood to decay quickly having to replace it more often than necessary.
  2. Choose quality wood with grains. This will keep the fascia board from splitting.
  3. Depending on your local area these are the types of wood we recommend:
    1. Cedar or Cypress
    2. Natural decay resistant.
    3. Construction wood from pine, or fir.
  4. Aluminum can also be used with your wood to give it a nice trim and allow it to last longer.

Use high caliber nails

Whether you are installing the fascia board or you hire a contractor we recommend you invest in the highest quality galvanized building nails. We believe this is a huge factor in how long your fascia will last you.

Common nails may cost less but remember you are also supporting your gutter with the fascia board. For this reason, a lot of us get gutters filled up with debris over time from weather conditions making the gutters heavier than usual.

As a result, your fascia board will be under more stress and have to support that extra weight until we get around to cleaning out the gutter.

Put on some paint

Lastly, we recommend that you paint your fascia board with quality water resistant pain. This will give your new fascia board that appealing look you’re looking for.

Of course, you will want to match your fascia board to whatever type of material your home is covered in. You can do this with the help of your local painting store.

Grab a couple of colors and see which one you like the most. Paint one side, and get a better look from the street to get a feel for what your fascia will look like. Once you have made your decision primer and paint your new fascia board.

Get in touch with us

If you’re looking into new or want to replace your old fascia board, Adco Roofing & Waterproofing has the knowledge to get it done.

E-mail or call us so we can come out to your property and give you a free estimate on your new fascia boards or repairs.

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New Year, Same Roof? How Maintenance can Extend the Lifespan of your Commercial Roof

You might think since your commercial roof isn’t new, there isn’t much point implementing a maintenance plan. However, getting started with regular maintenance now can offer benefits like minimizing future repair expenses, preserving your building’s energy efficiency to keep heating and cooling costs in check, and preventing leaks that damage the building’s structure, interior and contents like equipment, furnishings or inventory. Putting a roof maintenance plan into action in 2020 can also extend the useful life of your roof and delay the need for a costly replacement by:

Slowing or Halting Developing Issues

Effective roof maintenance plans are built on a foundation of frequent, comprehensive inspections that can reveal deterioration and flaws that need fixing, as well as emerging problems that are likely to require future repairs – like membrane wear from foot traffic. By catching such issues early on and taking steps to mitigate the harm – like putting out walk pads and monitoring rooftop traffic – you can stop the damage and prolong the membrane’s lifespan.

Boosting Your Roof’s Resistance to the Elements

With thorough inspections and the input of a knowledgeable roofer, you’ll stay aware of needed repairs and have them completed in a timely manner. Your roofer can also advise you about beneficial measures that can strengthen the roof membrane and help it resist wear and aging, like having it cleaned periodically, or applying a reflective or waterproof coating. By making sound repairs and taking appropriate steps to preserve the membrane, your roof will be better able to withstand the daily onslaught of the elements, like the sun’s powerful rays, wind, rain, sleet, and snow.

Keeping Key Roof System Components Intact

Your roof is composed of many different components that all work together to protect your building, and keeping them intact is crucial to allow the roof system to last as long as possible. When you implement a maintenance plan that covers inspections, repairs, preservation and periodic care, you can rest easy knowing that components like the edge flashing stays in place to keep the membrane from shredding or billowing, the drainage system functions properly to prevent ponding, and membrane tears and punctures are repaired promptly and properly to keep rainwater out so it doesn’t degrade the insulation and decking.

Contact us today to learn more about how roof maintenance plans can extend the life of the roof on your commercial building.

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Hanging Holiday Lights without Damaging your Roof


It’s Christmas season. What does this mean to you? To most of us, this is the season to celebrate and probably get a new Christmas tree as well as Christmas lights. The only issue associated with this period is that some of us damage our property which majorly results due to hanging Christmas lights on the roof using the wrong procedures. So, is there a specific procedure to hang the Christmas lights while protecting yourself from damaging the roof? We will find that out in a bit. Therefore, keep reading as you look forward to learning some tips for hanging Christmas lights without roof damage to avoid calling a maintenance specialist early in the New Year.

Get all spaces and supplies read

Have you ever been caught up in a situation where you wanted to use the Christmas lights you used in the previous season only to find out that the part of the strand wasn’t working? You probably noted the defect when you were on the rooftop and decided to solve the issue on the top. However, what does this mean for you? It means that you played a role in damaging the roof as a result of exposing the roof to much stress by forcing it to hold your weight. To avoid causing damage to the roof, we recommend that you get the lights out while you are still in the house or workshop and inspect them before getting up the ladder so that you can install the lights fast to avoid spending much time on the rooftop. Some of the things you might want to do before getting to the roof include:

• Untangling the string lights.
• Confirming to ensure that the entire strand is working.
• Acquiring enough strands based on the area you want to fix the lights, and
• Ensuring that you are dealing with outdoor-rated strings.

Once you do that, you can be sure to have solved the defects before getting to the rooftop so that you can avoid putting too much pressure on the roof or roof support.

Use the proper attachments when fixing the lights to the shingles.

Did you know that the highest percentage of the people who damage their roofs while installing Christmas lights do so because of using the wrong clips when fixing the strings? Well, you should come to the terms that if you do not want to damage the roof, you must be ready to source for the proper attachments. In this case, avoid putting holes in the shingles. As a result, do away with nails, staples, or screws. The reason we recommend this is that such holes become water intrusion points which may result in rotting of the deck. Hence, make use of plastic clips which allow you to clip them on the shingles, gutters, or the eaves of your home. Besides protecting the roof from damage, these clips elevate the lights off the shingle which reduces chances of warping or causing damage to the shingle surface.

Walk carefully on the roof

Besides using the proper string lights’ attachments, you will want to walk on the roof carefully. In this case, minimize the number of times you step over the roof. I would recommend that you install the lights when standing on the ladder to avoid causing strain on the rooftop by forcing it to hold your weight. Aside from that, avoid sliding on the shingles or walking over tile roofs, and ensure that the ladder is standing in a safe place as you move around the house. Also, be sure to wear soft shoes and also put in place some pads on the sections of the roof you are walking on to avoid exerting much force on the roof.

Final Thoughts

Asides from keeping the roof safe as you install the Christmas lights, you will also want to ensure that you are safe during the installation. After all, do not forget that lots of accidents occur during roof repairs or installing lights on the roof. Therefore, if you plan to install your lights without professional help, ensure that you do that after notifying a family member. Also, avoid wearing loose clothes that could catch the clips causing you to fall. That way, you can be sure to hang the Christmas lights without damaging the roof or causing harm to yourself.

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Rainy Season Tips in Maintaining your Building

Summer has ended this year and time to prepare for rainy days. But what is it about to prepare at all? Why? Should we always do it every time a season ends? Well, it’s always better to be prepared than that come what may and be sorry later.
1. Go and check your roof. When rain falls, it is your roof that shields your house from water to come into your house. It is always advisable to check it twice a year for possible cracks, holes, or rusty spots. Also, make sure that there are no missing, loose, or curled shingles. If yes, go and replace those to avoid further damages to your wall or ceilings.

2. Clean the gutters. You must also take a look in the gutters, clean to assure that the water could drain well and not to back up when the rain comes. When granules appear, reseal and make sure there aren’t any downpipe clogs.

3. Inside your home, check the ceilings. After working on the outside of your house, you must also check indoors, start with the ceilings if there are signs of water leakage like water rings, mold or water or ceiling discoloration. If yes, take necessary actions to prevent it from happening again.

4. Tackle your doors and windows. Check your doors and windows if they can be properly closed and its door to door. Chances are, the water could still go inside of your house and rooms so make sure to check and repair if needed.

5. Check the trees and plants around you. Cut and trim it down to reduce the risk to fall or to damage your house. Also, clean up the dried branches and leaves across your backyard.

6. Move furniture and appliances on a higher floor. Be prepared in case of flooding that your assets are safe and away from loss. It is very advisable if your house is located in the flooded areas when storms come.

7. Clean your walkways and check the drainage. Garbage is the main reason of floods. Make sure to dispose your waste regularly and clean up the walkways around your house. Then, check the drainage if the water is passable. If not, you may seek assistance to address it properly.

8. Make time to see and monitor your water faucets and pipes. It is better to check it for easy adjustment and repairs before the rainy season. It’s either to seal or replace your faucet and pipe depending on its condition.

9. Have time to inspect your electrical system. Ask for help if needed, to check the electrical wiring and sockets in your house. Make sure that it is safe from possible water leaks.

10. Use waterproof paints. In case you want to repaint your house, you might want to consider using waterproof paints. Aside from being waterproof, it can also help you maintain its appearance after the rainy season.

11. Conduct a pest control on your house especially termites. Most of the time, pest are seen inside during rainy season then it is best to be proactive. Termites might destroy your furniture, doors, and other wooden stuff on your house. When you conduct its termination, you will be at safe from worries.

12. Prepare for possible flooding in your area. It is also advisable to prepare by securing an emergency kit, candles, flashlight, batteries, and goods. Also, always make time to daily check the latest update or news about the weather.

You should always prepare and be proactive of situations that may come along the way especially during the wet season. As cliche as it may sound, it’s better to be safe than sorry.

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Frequent Mistakes Made in Roofing Bids

Roofing replacement and large maintenance projects can be expensive but they are necessary to protect your investment. There are common mistakes that you can make and knowing what these are can help you to take care of your roofing and bidding projects more efficiently.


  • Soliciting Bids without Specifications: This causes bids to be created that cannot be compared which affects decision making. A specification can be as small as one page, but it must be complete and detailed for large projects. Larger projects are typically prepared by an architect or roofing consultant. The job specifications should not be prepared until after the final product selection is made.
  • Accepting Lowest Bid Too Early: Associations try to save time by just selecting the lowest bid. Not all contractors are the same quality and lower bids are likely missing important costs that will cause increases to the final cost. You need to meet with several contractors to accurately evaluate the strengths of the companies and their experience.
  • Large Deposits: It is a common mistake to give contractors large upfront deposits for materials. All successful contractors have credit accounts with their suppliers, so this is not necessary. If a bidder cannot fund their payroll until the first payment is made, the association should reconsider moving forward with that contractor.
  • Measurable Work: You should only pay for measurable work on these projects. Measuring progress as a percentage is difficult, so it is better to pay only for pre-agreed benchmarks of construction once they are completed.
  • Failure to Plan in Advance: Early and efficient planning can help to limit or eliminate emergency assessments, disruption to daily lives and unnecessary costs. Planning ahead for a major roofing project is best done at least five years in advance to avoid these problems.
  • Believing that City Inspectors Ensure Proper Work: City inspectors make sufficient job-in-progress visits to verify the work is done per code or manufacturer’s specs.
  • Making Final Payment without Closeout Documents: Closeout documents include permit, warranty, and lien releases. You need to get these right away and if necessary withhold final payment until they are in your hands.


Knowing the common mistakes that are made when it comes to roof bidding can help you avoid them. This ensures a more efficient process when it comes to getting your roof projects taken care of and protects you from unnecessary financial loss.

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Checking your Flat Roof for Low Spots

Low spots in flat roofing are common and can cause damage and expensive repairs if not taken care of. But how do you know if you have any low spots? There are signs to look for to identify a low spot, so you can contact a roofer to help get it taken care of before it causes too much damage.

Pooled water: Flat roofing is not completely flat and has a small incline. This allows water to drain off to the gutters away from the roof. Water that has pooled or accumulated is one of the first signs that you have a low spot, as it prevents water from its natural flow down the gradient. These pools will weaken the roof and eventually cause leaks and even structural damage to the roofing system.

Clogged drains: When drains or gutters are clogged, they collect water. The strain of the backed-up water weight can cause a low spot. You need to check your drains regularly and clean them out if you notice clogs. You should then check to see if water runs off, if not, then you may have a low spot.

Collected dust: Low spots provide protection from the wind for leaves and debris so piles on the roof could indicate a low spot. Collected dirt and debris can also become heavy like water causing damage to roofing materials. You need to clear these out and get the low spots repaired right away.

Concentric sediment circles: Unless you are on the roof directly after it rains, then you may not see any puddles. They do leave tracks though. Puddles will leave concentric circles after the water has evaporated that indicate there was once a pool there. These circular deposits let you know that you have low spots.

Moldy smells: Pooled water can collect bacteria which can increase chances of mold growth and odd smells. Black mold growing on your ceiling or strange musty smells can indicate that water is collected on the roof in a low spot.

Changes in the ceiling: If your ceiling is sagging, stained, or dragging, then you have a low spot in the roof. Low spots collect water which becomes heavy and causes leaks into the building. The signs will be apparent on your ceiling before you even identify the spots on the roof.

If you know what to look for and you check regularly, low spots are easy to identify. Once identified contact us right away to help get them fixed. We use a number of different methods to fix low spots so we guarantee to find a way to get your roofing repaired right away.

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Avoid these Roofing Project Bidding Mistakes

Roofing replacement and large maintenance projects can be costly, but they are important. Boards need to avoid as many complications as possible because of this. There are common mistakes that boards make and knowing what these are can help you to take care of these projects more efficiently.

  • Soliciting Bids Without Specifications – This creates bids that cannot be compared which leads to poor decision making. A specification can be as small as one page, but it must be complete and detailed for large projects. Larger projects are typically prepared by an architect or roofing consultant. The job specifications should not be prepared until after the final product selection is made.
  • Signing Contracts Without Consulting Legal Counsel – This mistake is usually made in an attempt to save money. All major contracts must have at the very least a thorough review by legal counsel, and when possible be signed in the presence of one.
  • Deciding on the Project Manager – Community managers are well-trained in the duties of association management, but they have no formal training in construction management projects.
  • Giving Large Deposits – Many associations mistakenly believe they need to give contractors deposits for materials. All successful contractors have credit accounts with their suppliers and if a bidder cannot fund their payroll until the first payment, the association should reconsider doing business with that company.
  • Paying Percentage of Completion Instead of Measurable Work – Measuring the amount of progress in percentage is difficult for everyone involved. It is better to pay only for pre-agreed benchmarks of construction completed and materials that are confirmed for use on-site. You should only be paying for measurable work.
  • Failure to Start Planning in Advance – There are many reasons this can happen. Early and efficient planning can help to limit or eliminate emergency assessments, disruption to daily lives and unnecessary costs. Planning ahead for a major roofing project is best done years in advance to help avoid these problems.
  • Accepting Lowest Bid Too Early – Associations try to save time by just selecting the lowest bid. This mistake is made based on a belief that contractors are all the same and bids are all the same too. Lower bids are likely missing important costs that will cause increases in the final cost. You need to meet with contractors to accurately evaluate the strengths of the companies and their experience.
  • Believing that City Inspectors Ensure Proper Work – City inspectors make sufficient job-in-progress visits to verify the work is done per code or manufacturer’s specs.
  • Making Final Payment Without Closeout Documents – Closeout documents include permit, warranty, and lien releases.


These need to be demanded and a final payment withheld until they are in your hands. Knowing the common mistakes that are made when it comes to roof bidding can help you avoid them and ensure a more efficient process when it comes to getting your roof projects taken care of.

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Cool Roofing Can Save You Money. Here Is How.

Cool roofing options are a popular choice for all buildings as a beneficial alternative to more traditional darker-colored surfaces. They absorb less heat and reflect more sunlight because cool roofing typically consists of a highly reflective type of paint or sheet covering.

The Benefits of Having a Cool Roof

  • Reduces your energy bills by reducing the need for air conditioning
  • Reduces roof surface temperature which extends the roof life
  • Improves indoor spaces by making them more comfortable
  • Reduces air temperature by reducing the urban heat island effect in cities
  • Lowers peak electricity demand and power plant emissions used to power cool energy, which benefits the environment

Depending on the surface you have to work with, you can usually make a new or existing roof cool. Cool roof coating is a reflective paint which absorbs heat and reflects light rays away. It protects against both chemical and UV damage and is available for most roof types.  When you decide to install a cool roof, you need to consider if the costs will justify the energy savings. For a new building, this can be considered during the planning stages of construction. For older buildings, you can likely replace the existing system or retrofit it with a reflective material. Green roofing is also an option that works well with flat roofing. Green roofing helps you manage stormwater better and it makes an aesthetically pleasing roof. They provide great insulation which reduces your energy costs and the carbon footprint of your building. These are more expensive than standard cool roofing options, but worth looking into or the overall benefits they provide.

Final Thoughts

Whether you have low-sloped or high-sloped roofing and regardless of the materials, there are ways to make your roofing system cool. You can just add to the roof surface you already have or replace it completely. Reach out to us today to discuss your cool roof options and we will find the right option for you to keep you cool and saving money.

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