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Tax Cuts on Re-Roofing Projects

(Adco) Tax Cuts on Re-Roofing ProjectsBuilding maintenance is not cheap but is always necessary. Owning a building is a huge investment and you are responsible for maintaining the integrity of the building at all times. Regular service, maintenance, and improvements are needed to do this and the costs of these add up. Taxpayers can breathe a sigh of relief now, as changes to the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act expanded its definition of qualifying property, giving individuals a chance to expense more of these maintenance costs.

 

 

Tax Cuts on Re-Roofing Projects

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 recently expanded the definition of qualified property that will be eligible for full expensing. Under section 179 of the tax code, qualified properties can include improvements to non-residential roofing projects as eligible for tax cuts. The information below can help you to determine if your company is eligible for this preferential tax treatment when you make improvements or upgrades to your nonresidential roofing.

What is Section 179?

This section of the tax code allows taxpayers to expense the costs of qualifying property immediately rather than having to recover it over several years of depreciation. There has been a significant increase in expensing limits with the maximum amount now being $1 million. Additionally, there is a phase-out threshold of $2.5 million. These limits are effective only for qualifying property that is placed into service during taxable years after December 31, 2017.

Roofing is Now Qualifying Property

Improvements to roofing of non-residential property is now included in the definition of qualifying property along with heating, ventilation, fire protection, alarm systems, and air conditioning. With this expansion of the definition, taxpayers can now include roofing upgrades and improvements and can choose to fully expense the costs of the work done. This can include full re-roofing projects. All costs for these qualifying projects can now be expensed in the year of purchase by any taxpaying individual that is eligible to deduct expenses under Section 179 of the tax code. If you have any questions you should contact your tax professional. Find out if your company is eligible to start enjoying this more favorable tax treatment, and start saving money today.

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Commercial Roofing Attachments

(Adco Roofing) Commercial Roofing Attachments

Roofing is typically attached to commercial buildings in one of two ways; full adhesion or mechanically. There may be other methods that you have heard of but these are the most popular ways to fasten a roof. Regardless of the method you use, there will be a layer of insulation beneath the roof and a metal deck below that, which is fixed to the structure below. It is important to understand the differences and to know what your building needs. Failure to match your roofing with the needs can cause you to pay for value that you don’t actually need.

Mechanically attached roofing

Taking up almost 80 percent of the market, mechanically attached roofing is the most popular option for commercial buildings. These systems can be installed quickly and are less expensive. They also have the advantage of being easy to inspect, which means they can quickly be validated by verifying the fastener pattern and their correct installation.

Most buildings have a metal deck, a layer of insulation and then a roof. Installation of a mechanically attached roof involves rolling the membrane down and applying screws directly through the insulation boards into the metal deck. The screws will be driven in at the edge of the membrane and are then covered with the edge of the next sheet to be rolled out. The membranes are heat-welded together to create a watertight seal, and you end up with a flat, waterproof surface with no gaps.

Fully adhered roofing

These roofing systems are glued directly to the insulation layer below it. This means that the insulation boards act to insulate and secure the roof to the metal deck, which requires more screws. This is a more expensive method and more time-consuming. Because large quantities of glue need to be applied at the same time and at the right temperature, this method is more challenging than people realize. Once the glue has dried to form the right tackiness, a roller is used to press the membrane to the insulation.

This roofing option is often chosen because it is thought to be more resistant to leaks. Builders believe that if water was to get through a hole, it would travel under the membrane past the glue. The problem with this is that you will not even realize there is a hole until water has pooled and the glue has become degraded. This causes bigger problems than knowing about a leak right away as the accumulated water can spread and damage a larger area of the roof.

Final thoughts

Fully adhered attachments also provide higher Factory Mutual wind-uplift ratings. These are ratings assigned to commercial properties by a large insurance firm. As beneficial as it is to have these higher ratings, there is really not much need for them in areas outside of coastal or high-wind areas. At this time mechanically attached roofs dominate the market but there is still a demand for fully adhered roofing too. Contact us to determine which roof attachment type will work best for your budget and building.

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How To Inspect Your Commercial Roof?

How to Inspect Your Commercial Roof

The roof is a valuable part of your building. It does more than just protect you from the elements; it also adds value to your home. A poorly installed or maintained roof can damage the overall value to your building as well as damage the property. Your roofing system is an investment, so it is important to maintain it regularly and schedule inspections and repairs as necessary. The number of repairs or upkeep you need to perform will depend on the quality of the initial installation, the quality of the materials, and the weather the roof is exposed to. It is important to understand the different materials available for roofing. Depending on the material of your roof, you can have a better idea of what potential problems may occur. When you know what to look out for, you can take better care of your roof.

Roofing Materials

  • Asphalt: This is the most common material used because they have a long lifespan and are easy to install.
  • Metal roofing: Now offered in recycled version, metal roofing is becoming more popular. Copper, aluminum, and steel are most commonly used and all are lightweight and durable. Metal roofs are resistant to harsh weather changes. Check often for dents and scratches to identify damage.
  • Clay or concrete: Tiles made from clay or concrete offer long lifespans are energy efficient and very durable. The extra weight of the tiles can be a burden on roofing structures, so proper installation is necessary.
  • Wood shakes: These are classic and beautiful in appearance but also high maintenance. Wood can crack easily so be sure to check often for signs of cracking and rotting in the event moisture does seep through any cracks.
  • Thermoplastic membranes (TPO): – TPO involves the use of a roofing membrane that expands and contracts as the weather changes. These types of roofs do not have any negative impact on the environment, and do not degrade under UV radiation. These membranes are available in a variety of colors. White roofing material is highly recommended in areas with high temperatures because it reduces the heat island effect and solar heat gain in the building.
  • Thermoplastic membranes (PVC): – PVC sheets contain plasticizers and stabilizers, as well as other additives to impart flexibility and achieve other desired physical properties. Some membranes are available with nonwoven fleece backing adhered to the underside of a sheet.

How To Check The Roof?

If you think it may be time for a roofing inspection, then you should first conduct your own before bringing in a professional. On average, inspections are recommended twice a year because the weather can change and cause damages. Ideally, you want to look over your roof before and after the typical wet season for your area. Check for obvious signs of wear after cold spells such as curling around the roof edges. Shingles that have become brittle from cold weather will have surface cracks and bubbles that can indicate ventilation issues.

Make sure you walk around the entire building and check the top, sides and insides sections of the roof. Look inside the attic space for any leaks or interference to the ventilation system. When your attic has ventilation issues, you reduce the overall lifespan of your roofing system. You also need to check all gutters and downspouts because if these are clogged, you risk water buildup on the roof surface and increased the chance of leakage. Checking the gutters after heavy rainfall is advised in the event any clogs developed.

During your inspection, should you notice any issues with dampness or moisture, you are better off hiring a professional to take a look. It is not advised to take your roof apart to identify the problem. You could cause more damage if you are not trained to identify the source. Professional roofers use three techniques to identify moisture in your roofing system:

  • Infrared scans: the scans are used to detect if any heat is being lost and how much. In doing, so they can identify areas of moisture and leakage.
  • Nuclear isotopic meters: This scanner identifies hydrogen atoms, and as hydrogen is the main component of water, the more that is found, the more chance of a leak you have.
  • Electrical resistance: Since water is highly conductive if your roof is acting like a good conductor, it likely has a leak and water buildup.

Conclusion

Professional roofing contractors are better trained and equipped to identify a number of potential problems. We can then offer the best maintenance solutions for you or a new installation plan that will solve problems and extend the life of your roof and house.

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Another El Niño is Likely on its Way!

A winter return for El Niño?

It’s been a few years since one reared its ugly head, but from what forecasters are seeing in and above the Pacific Ocean, there’s a good chance El Niño will be back for this coming winter.

Based on the latest update from forecasters with NOAA’s Climate Prediction Center, dated August 9, there is now at least a 60 per cent chance that El Niño conditions will develop in the equatorial Pacific during the autumn months (September through December), and over a 70 per cent chance they will develop by winter (November through February).


The early August El Niño – La Niña probability forecast shows the percentage chances of El Niño, Neutral, or La Niña conditions developing during any particular three month forecast period. In 2017 and 2018, this forecast indicates  Credit: Columbia University’s International Research Institute for Climate and Society (IRI)/NOAA Climate Prediction Center (CPC)

As such, the El Niño Watch issued by NOAA forecasters remains in effect.

How Strong?

Whenever we talk about an El Niño developing, the discussion turns to the obvious question – how strong will it be?

Throughout 2015, we saw the development of a ‘super’ El Niño – which is now considered the strongest El Niño on record, even stronger than the infamous El Niño of 1997-1998.

The strength of an El Niño is ranked based on how warm it gets in the surface waters of the central equatorial Pacific Ocean, compared to the normal temperatures measured there. If the waters in this ‘Niño 3.4’ region reach just half a degree (0.5°C) above normal, at least, for a period of three months, this is the breakpoint for what forecasters consider to be El Niño conditions.

Since it takes some time for changing conditions in the central Pacific to spread their influence to elsewhere in the world, forecasters wait until they see three (3) consecutive three-month periods where Niño 3.4 temperatures are above that breakpoint, before they state that an official El Niño is in progress.


The ONI/Niño 3.4 region overlayed atop sea surface temperatures from November 11, 2015. Credit: NOAA CPC/Scott Sutherland

The higher that Niño 3.4 temperature anomaly goes, and the longer the conditions persist, the more extreme the El Niño is.

From 1997-1998, temperatures in the Niño 3.4 region peaked at 2.4°C above normal, and they remained above 0.5°C for a total of 13 three-month periods – from April-May-June of 1997 to April-May-June of 1998.

In 2015, the super El Niño peaked even higher, at +2.6°C in the Niño 3.4 region, and temperatures there were above the El Niño threshold for 19 three-month periods – from October-November-December of 2014, all the way until April-May-June of 2016.

According to the latest collection of computer model runs, rather than another ‘super’ El Niño, we will likely see a ‘weak to moderate’ one, where temperatures in the central equatorial Pacific could reach between 0.5°C and 1.5°C above normal.

Model Predictions


This graph shows the collected computer model runs – dynamical and statistical – for the upcoming three-month periods. Bold lines indicate the model run averages, and the forecaster consensus. Credit: IRI/CPC

Forecasts are issued on a monthly basis, so this may change – going weaker or stronger – so watch for any updates to come.

WHAT IS EL NIÑO?

El Niño, the warm phase of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO), is a regular climate pattern that develops along and above the equatorial Pacific Ocean.

Normally, conditions in that part of the world see strong trade winds, blowing east to west, which push warm surface waters along with them, causing them to ‘pile up’ around Indonesia and northern Australia. Periodically, these trade winds weaken, and the whole system ‘relaxes’, allowing those warm waters to slosh back towards the central and eastern equatorial Pacific. This arrival of warm waters off the coast of Ecuador and Peru typically happened in late December, and thus the pattern was named El Niño, or The Child, in reference to Christmas. This occurs roughly every three to five years, and individual El Niño events are separated by periods of normal (or ‘neutral’) conditions, or by cold La Niña patterns, which have a similar pattern to the normal conditions (warm in the western central Pacific and cool in the east), but ramped up to more of an extreme.

Typical ENSO-neutral (left) and El Niño (right) conditions over the Pacific Ocean. Credit: NOAA

When an El Niño develops, all that warm water sloshing back towards the east changes the weather patterns over wide regions of the planet. Typically, it means a warmer winter for parts of Canada, as the added heat shifts weather patterns over and around North America further north and east for the duration of the event.


The typical effects of an El Nino on wintertime across North America. Credit: Climate.gov

The effects of each El Niño are different, however, as stronger or weaker patterns have a greater or lesser impact on the weather, and other large climate patterns (such as the North Atlantic Oscillation) exert their own influences.

Sources: NOAA CPC | Columbia University Earth Institute

Article sourced from www.theweathernetwork.com

What Are The Benefits of Reflective Roof Coating?

Reflective Roof Coating

Your building is likely to be the largest investment you make in your life. You need to make sure you protect your investment which includes regular maintenance and keeping the roof in optimal condition. Poor roofing can lead to serious building damage inside and out, which lowers the value, costs you money and ruins your investment. A well-kept building is also the best way to catch someone’s eye should you need to sell in the future.

Benefits of Reflective Roof Coating

The weather in the Los Angeles area can vary throughout the year, but for the most part, we see sunny days. The sun can be your biggest enemy and can take years off the life of your roof. The best way to protect a roof in warm and sunny climates is by installing reflective roof coatings. Even if you have not yet seen any wear and tear, reflective coating is a great way to preserve the life of your roof and saves on future repairs. These coatings create a seamless white membrane which prevents leaks, keeps your roof cooler, and protects from the elements.

The coating can repair any minor damage that your roof currently has and provide future protection. By reflecting the light away your roof will last longer. Keeping the heat away as well as the light also keeps your building cooler, and this means lower utility bills. There are a number of reasons to look into getting reflective roof coatings.

  • A great alternative: Coatings are a good alternative to full replacement which can be expensive. A few leaks or cracks do not mean you necessarily need to replace your roof. A simple coating can take care of this. Have a professional come and inspect your roof to determine if a coating can help you. It will save you money to have minor repairs done and a coating added versus installing a whole new roof.
  • Extended life: By adding a roof coating, the lifespan of your roof will increase by 5-7 years. Your roof will stay leak free and be protected from the harsh sun and other elements for longer, which gives you time to save up for when replacement will eventually be necessary.
  • Saves money: Roof coating costs half the amount of re-roofing. Because the installation of a roof coating is not as invasive or time consuming as roof replacement, you will not lose any business time. By not having to tear the roof off, there is not as much disruption, and less labor required.
  • Lower utility bills: Most roofing materials are dark in color, and in the sun this absorbs heat, making your building hotter. You spend more on air conditioning than you would like. A reflective roof coating will keep the light and heat away, keeping your building naturally cooler and your bills much lower.
  • Tax credit: Coating of your roof can earn you a federal tax credit, where a full re-roofing may not. You could qualify for a 10% credit on the cost of your roof, not including labor costs.

The Reflective Coating Process

Roof coating takes less time than re-roofing. The time required depends on the building size but it typically can take less than a day. Larger buildings may require a few days for completion. Your roof is cleared of all debris first and then the coating is applied. It has to be left to dry for 24 hours but during the time the building can be used, so there is no loss of business time or if a residential home, you can still come and go as you please.

Conclusion

Reflective coatings are the environmentally friendly and economical choice for today. It is a relatively small investment that will deliver big returns. You save on energy bills and reduce the overall maintenance costs that your roof will need. By extending the life of your roof, you get more overall in terms of the investment you made on the whole building. Contact us today for an inspection and we can get started on coating your roof today.

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Staying On Top Of Roof Inspections

 

It is becoming more important for property owners and buyers to ensure their roofing is in top condition. It is pretty easy to detect a damaged roof but identifying a roof with only subtle aging is much harder. Given that replacement roofing can be very expensive, it makes sense to identify problems before they get out of hand. When it comes to buying a building, you can use the resurfacing of the roof as a negotiating item when it comes to pricing.

The most common types of roofing systems are tar or gravel and they are used in numerous commercial buildings. Gravel is a concern because it requires regular maintenance as the gravel needs to be re-distributed often to maintain even coverage. Any uncovered or exposed surfaces can be easily damaged by the sun and other elements. Additionally, ponding, which results from framing issues at the time of construction, can be a huge problem. Blocked roof drains can also allow ponding of water so be sure to keep your drains free of debris and objects.

Staying On Top Of Roof Inspections

Any building inspection should involve of a detailed roof evaluation and this is usually done by an inspector walking the roof to observe the surface closely. There are, however, a few circumstances where it is not safe for an inspector to walk on the roof for inspection:

  • Steep surface not safe for footing
  • The surface is too high to access with regular ladder
  • Roofing is showing signs of deterioration
  • Presence of ice, snow, moss or moisture that make the roof slippery
  • Roof with tiles that might break with foot pressure

The sellers of the building can also order the inspector to stay off the roof. The California Real Estate Inspection Association (CREIA) wants to ensure that property owners and potential buyers are aware of the importance of good roofing. To stay on top of the matter is in everybody’s best interest.

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How Your Roofing Choice is Affected by Climate?

How Your Roofing Choice is affected by Climate

We live in a large country and the weather changes in each state from day to day and from coast to coast. Rhode Island could be saturated with humidity while Alaska is in subarctic conditions and Florida is like a tropical rain forest. Regardless of climate, your house or business need roofing that can endure all seasons. It is important to keep the climate in mind when choosing a roofing system and even more important to understand how the weather can impact your roof.

How Your Roofing Choice is Affected by Climate?

Rain, snow, winds and the sun all impact your roofing. Sunshine and extreme heat can cause materials to dry out and crack and humidity can allow unwanted moisture to seep under roofing materials. Winter months are troublesome because snow and ice can build up and ice dams allow water to pool, once any snow begins to melt. Once you have pooled water, leaks can occur into the interior of the building causing rot and mold. Before picking your roof, there are a few things about the weather you should remember.

  • High Winds: Even if you don’t live in a city that is notorious for winds like Chicago, you can still expect high winds from time to time, especially as seasons change. Strong gusts can blow under the roofing materials causing bubbles and wrinkles. This allows moisture to creep in and collect. Once warm weather arrives, you end up with mildew and rot. Winds typically cause damage first around the edges, so be diligent about checking these areas after strong gusts. If you catch the damage early enough it can be repaired easy enough. You can also choose to use fully adhered membranes, which are securely tacked down across every square inch.
  • Wet Weather: The wet or cold seasons bring rain, hail, sleet and snow and even the sunniest states like California are not exempt from some downpours. Sloped roofing allows water to trickle away but flat roofing allows pooling, so need to be more effective at drawing water away. Traditional roofing used tar and gravel, but this came with serious risks, fatal injuries and noxious fumes. As a replacement, roofing companies now choose single-ply membranes for flat roofing and these are not only more flexible but durable too.

When it comes to selecting roofing, knowing the weather in your area matters. Even though the sun can cause damage by drying out materials, the biggest concerns are precipitation and winds. For a seasonal roof that goes the distance, you may want to consider PVC which is durable and lasts up to 30 years. Call us today to discuss your roofing options and we will help you find the best solution for the weather your building has to endure daily.

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Commercial Roofing: Flat or Sloped?

Flat or Sloped Roof Commercial Building

Houses typically come with pitched or sloped roofing and commercial buildings are built with flat roofs. Is there something that determines that one style of roof is better for a particular building? As it happens there are a few things to consider when choosing the roof style for any project. Flat roofing offers more usable space which is why it is preferred for industrial projects. If you had a flat roof on your home, just think how much more attic space you would have. Space really does matter and business owners aim to use as much space as they can. This means they can increase storage without the need for offsite storage units which can be expensive.

Commercial Roofing: Flat or Sloped?

In addition to space, many businesses have large air conditioning units to cool the entire building. They may also have other bulky equipment that needs a place and because building codes are very specific, there are limits as to where this machinery can go within the building. All this big, loud equipment can easily be stored on a flat roof, so there is nothing unsightly on the work floor and there is no noise pollution.

As important as space is, money is even more of a priority and flat roofing is usually more expensive than sloped roofing. There are more steps and component involved in the installation and they also require insulation to be included. Depending on the project, the amount of insulation will vary; 1” is needed between an old roof and a new one, but for new construction as much as 5” is required to meet energy code requirements. Insulation may save you money in the long term, but up front, it makes flat roofing more expensive.

Sloped roofs typically last longer than flat roofs because of the sheer assortment of materials that can be used. Wood shingles, concrete, tiles and composition or dimensional shingles all last longer than the materials typically used for flat roofing systems. The weather also takes a greater toll on a flat roof because without the slope to direct water and ice away from the roof, it can build up and cause damage.

Despite the few advantages of sloped roofing, the reality is that commercial buildings are large and would require several slopes, so flat roofing is more efficient. Working on a flat roof is also much safer. Flat roofs also provide perfect spacing and layout for solar panels because they can lay out flat and easily catch the sun rays. Angled solar panels on a sloped roof miss out on the sun at certain times of the day. Flat roofing has one final advantage in that they allow for gardens and recreational space. To keep your current workforce happy and attract new interest, an environmentally-friendly building is the way to go.

Sloped roofing does have its advantages, and when it comes to residential housing, the sloped appearance fits well into a neighborhood setting. When it comes to commercial buildings, however, the need for space, efficiency, accessibility, and maintenance all favor a flat roof. When you can add on the green garden, there really is no other option.

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Why Use Membranes Over Tar and Gravel on Your Commercial Roof?

Why use membranes over tar and gravel

When it comes to commercial roofing, tar and gravel system shave been the industry norm for quite some time. They gained popularity after crude oil found a place in the economy and have worked out pretty well for commercial roofing. They are cheap and pretty effective and until recently dominated the industry when it comes to flat roofing systems. Recently, scientific discoveries have found new systems for flat roofing that may prove to be even better than these single ply roofing systems.

Why Use Membranes Over Tar and Gravel

  • Membranes are much lighter. Compared to an EPDM (rubber) roof that has insulation and fasteners with it, plastic membranes are more lightweight. Rubber systems can weigh close to 2 pounds when all is said and done, but modified bitumen or plastic membranes are more efficient thanks to being lighter.
  • Tar and gravel systems involve a hot kettle to melt large chunks of solid tar so there are an inherent danger and high insurance liability. The fumes produced are also very noxious and fatal roofing accidents have occurred in the past with exploding kettles and scorching spills. Because of the risks and dangers, many commercial roofing companies prefer to use membranes instead of tar and gravel and smaller companies are following suit because they cannot cover the insurance policies required to cover the risks.
  • All membrane roof products are available in a white color option. This means the suns light and heat is reflected away, keeping the building interior cooler. When you re-roof with a single ply system it is very easy to first lay down a thick layer of foam board insulation, which helps this system maintain great energy efficiency.
  • When tar begins to age, it shrinks and cracks and because it is essential to the waterproofing aspect of the roof, leaks can occur more frequently. This would be an easy fix except that the gravel often covers the cracks and they are ignored. Additionally, water can run a long way from where it starts so when you notice it, you may have no way of identifying where it started.
  • A built-up roof (tar and gravel) can typically last between 20 and 30 years, depending on how much was spent on it. Membrane roofing systems can last a solid 20 years or longer if not damaged.

The types of membrane roofing systems we install include PVC and TPO. Either of these are great replacements for tar and gravel and will ultimately benefit your commercial building in no time. Contact us today for a consultation and we will help you find the right single ply membrane roof for you.

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3 Tips to Prevent Overspray When Spray Painting

spray paint

Spray paint is an economical and easy way to upgrade your home décor, but only if you use it right. Let’s be honest, using a spray paint can be messy. Even the most experienced spray painter can have overspray and irregular drips from the can. However, the main problem is over spraying especially when you are using spray paint indoors, to avoid it follow these tips:

Select right sprayer accessories

There are many accessories easily available at every hardware shop which can help a lot in avoiding overspray. One of the supreme accessories accessible to lend a hand with applying coatings in those hard to reach areas is “Gun Extension”.  Available options include angled spray head nozzles, complete 360° spray patterns for use with internal pipe coatings, fixed or rigid extensions of various lengths and flexible extensions with nearly limitless accessibility. It is necessary to spray at right angle and distance to avoid possible over spraying. Also get a “Card Board Shield holder” to prevent over spraying when you are working at corners, near the ceiling or floor area or around doors and windows. Just attach the shield holder to any piece of cardboard and you are ready to go.

Determine the right pressure

The incorrect pressure size is notorious for generating fogging and overspray, but equal to that is improper spray technique. The prime mistake many “painters” make is to turn the pressure full volume thinking they’ll get the job done quicker by doing so. You might, but all the time you save will be exhausted cleaning up overspray from all the worn out paint you’ve sent into the air and onto nearby things…Your pressure control knob is under the motor – I consider turning the knob to the right will result, the increase in pressure, and to the left decreases. I would start in on with the knob turned all the way to the left (using a .015 tip), then turning up the pressure slightly until the paint is able to be finely atomized – stop there. Practically any amount of pressure greater than what it takes to atomize will outcome in overspray and/or bounce-back off the surface being painted.

Decide the right tip size

Airless paint sprayer no overspray is as well possible if you choose a right tip size compatible with the fluid viscosity and the project. This tool is available with multiple options for tip sizes and patterns from which you may pick the most suitable ones. Larger tip size is best to cover a widespread surface as it allows a greater material to release faster. On the other hand, a bigger pattern also allows the quick coverage of a broader area. On the other side, smaller tip sizes are useful for delicate areas that include small surfaces. However, tip size and pattern also depends on the nature of the project. Broad spray pattern and a larger tip are perfect for significant scale projects such as external wall painting and fence retouching. But if you will use the same size and prevent for a smaller project like painting the cabinets, there will be immense overspray and mess. You have to determine the type of the project to decide the right tip size and pattern to minimizing overspray. The first digit of a spray tip is the fan size with your gun about 6″ from the surface – double the first digit when the gun is held at 12″ from the surface.  If you are using latex, try scaling back a little on the tip size, thin your product about 5-10%, and turn your pressure down to the lowest possible setting that will still atomize the paint.

 

 

 

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